Trafalgar, as the battle was named by George III, had crushed the naval power of a deadly enemy, and – although they had fought like heroes – the Spanish and French had been annihilated. Trafalgar was the coda to Nelson’s achievement.
How did Cape Trafalgar get its name?
Etymology. The name is of Arabic origin, deriving either from Taraf al-Ghar (طرف الغار ‘cape of the cave/laurel’), or from Taraf al-Gharb (طرف الغرب ‘cape of the west’). In both cases, taraf (طرف) means ‘edge’ or ‘extremity’ and refers to a promontory.
Why was the Battle of Trafalgar so significant?
The Battle of Trafalgar was important because it established British naval supremacy for more than 100 years. The battle also shattered Napoleon’s plans to invade England.
How many ships were sunk at Trafalgar?
In five hours of fighting, the British devastated the enemy fleet, destroying 19 enemy ships. No British ships were lost, but 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded in the heavy fighting. The battle raged at its fiercest around the Victory, and a French sniper shot Nelson in the shoulder and chest.
How many died at Trafalgar?
There are in total around 50,000 officers and crew engaged in the battle. British losses total 450 dead and 1,250 wounded, while the allies suffer considerably more casualties – 4,400 dead and 3,300 wounded. There are a great many resources where you can find out the detailed events of the battle.
How did Admiral Nelson win the Battle of Trafalgar?
As the opposing fleets closed, Nelson made his famous signal, “England expects that every man will do his duty.” The Battle of Trafalgar raged at its fiercest around the Victory, and a French sniper, firing from the mast of the Redoutable, shot Nelson through the shoulder and chest.
What is the meaning of Trafalgar?
Noun. 1. Trafalgar – a naval battle in 1805 off the southwest coast of Spain; the French and Spanish fleets were defeated by the English under Nelson (who was mortally wounded) battle of Trafalgar.
How many ships did HMS Victory sink?
Undoubtedly Victory’s most famous battle saw her as Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson’s flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought against a combined French and Spanish fleet. The allies were soundly defeated, total losses reaching 22 ships without the Royal Navy losing one.
Why did Nelson say Kiss Me Hardy?
Many in the Victorian era believed “Kiss me Hardy” had been misheard. They suggested instead that Nelson had been speaking Turkish, declaring “Kismet Hardy”. ‘Kismet’ means fate or destiny.
What happened to Lady Emma Hamilton?
Emma embarked on a passionate affair with Admiral Lord Nelson, but risked her security and social status in the process. Her fortunes never recovered from the tragedy of his death at Trafalgar and – following a period in debtor’s prison – she died in self-imposed exile in Calais in 1815.
What happened to Nelsons daughter Horatia?
She moved to a house called Elmdene in Church Lane, Pinner and later at Beaufort Villas, Woodridings (a former estate in Pinner), where she died 22 years later; both were near to her son Nelson. On her death, Horatia was buried in Pinner Parish old cemetery, in Paines Lane in Pinner.
What happened to Nelson’s wife Fanny?
As Nelson received rewards for his victories, so too did his legal wife. Fanny became Baroness Nelson in 1798 and Vicountess Nelson in 1801. After Nelson’s death she was awarded a generous pension and lived in Exmouth until she died in 1831. Fanny Nelson was well loved and respected by the people who knew her.
Did Lord Nelson have a child with Lady Hamilton?
Birth of Horatia
Emma gave birth to Nelson’s daughter Horatia, on 29 January 1801 at 23 Piccadilly, who was taken soon afterwards to a Mrs Gibson for care and hire of a wet nurse.
Are there any living descendants of Horatio Nelson?
If you are a descendant of Nelson (the only living descendants will be via his illegitimate daughter, Horatia), you are likely to already know about it as the name Nelson was carried though the generations in well documented families.