Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci coined the term subaltern to identify the cultural hegemony that excludes and displaces specific people and social groups from the socio-economic institutions of society, in order to deny their agency and voices in colonial politics.
Who is the father of subaltern history?
Ranajit Guha (born 23 May 1923, in Siddhakati, Backergunje) is a historian of the Indian Subcontinent who has been vastly influential in the Subaltern Studies group, and was the editor of several of the group’s early anthologies.
When did subaltern begin?
Subaltern Studies emerged around 1982 as a series of journal articles published by Oxford University Press in India. A group of Indian scholars trained in the west wanted to reclaim their history. Its main goal was to retake history for the underclasses, for the voices that had not been heard previous.
What does subaltern mean in history?
Subaltern is a word used by the British army to denote a subordinate officer, and “subaltern studies” was coined by Indian scholars to describe a variety of approaches to the situation of South Asia, in particular in the colonial and postcolonial era.
What is subaltern history class 10?
Solution. The term subaltern means ‘bottommost ranks. ‘ It was Antonio Gramsci who considered important that history should also include the bottommost rank of the society. Thus, subaltern school of historiography came into existence.
Who wrote subaltern studies?
The primary leader was Ranajit Guha who had written works on peasant uprisings in India. Another of the leading scholars of subaltern studies is Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.
Why is Mahatma Phule known as a subaltern historian *?
Answer: Jyotirao Govindrao Phule, called the pioneer of women’s education in India died on November 28, 1890. He established the first girls’ school in August 1848. He worked hard to eradicate untouchability and the caste system and also put major efforts to educate women and lower castes.
What is subaltern history India?
Solution. Subaltern means the ‘bottommost ranks’ and subaltern history developed from the idea that history should be written from the bottommost rank of people in the society.