The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) was developed to reduce falls in older persons. The OEP consists of 17 strength and balance exercises and a walking program, performed three times a week by the older adult in the home, outpatient, or community setting. Exercises can be done individually or in a group setting.
What is the Otago program?
Otago is a series of 17 strength and balance exercises delivered by a Physical Therapist in the home that reduces falls between 35 and 40% for frail older adults. This evidence-based program, developed in New Zealand, calls for PTs to assess, coach and progress patients over the course of six months to one year.
What is modified Otago exercise program?
The program includes strength and balance exercises, with a progression by increasing ankle cuff weights and number of sets, in association with a walking plan. It is recommended for community-dwelling older adults who can exercise safely on their own and who are able to understand and follow the exercise instructions.
How long is the Otago program?
The Otago Exercise Program (Otago) is an individually tailored, home-based, balance and strength fall prevention program that is delivered by a physical therapist over the course of 52 weeks.
Who developed the Otago Exercise Programme?
Professor John Campbell
The Otago Exercise Programme was developed and tested in four controlled trials by a research team at the University of Otago Medical School, New Zealand, led by Professor John Campbell. The programme has been evaluated in both research and routine healthcare services in 1016 people aged 65 to 97 living at home.
What is exercise Programme?
a programme detailing a range of physical exercises and the amount of time each exercise should be performed, used esp in gymnasiums, where they are typically tailored to individuals’ needs. The fitness instructors can devise your own personal exercise programme.
What exercises help prevent falls?
Exercise to Prevent Falls
- Weight shifting. Standing with your feet at hip-width, shift your weight to one side, lifting your opposite foot off of the floor. …
- One-legged balancing. Start with your feet at hip-width and your hands on your hips. …
- Heel-toe walk. …
- Leg raises. …
- Foot taps. …
- Head rotations. …
- Standing marches. …
What is the 4/stage balance test?
The 4-Stage Balance Test (4SBT) is a fall screening tool included in the STEADI toolkit. A person stands for 10 seconds in each of 4 progressively more difficult positions (see Figure 1). According to the STEADI toolkit, older adults who cannot hold the tandem stance for 10 seconds are considered at increased risk.
Does the Otago exercise Programme reduce mortality and falls in older adults?
Conclusion: the OEP significantly reduces the risk of death and falling in older community-dwelling adults.
What is the Stepping On program?
Stepping On is an evidence-based fall prevention program that empowers older adults to carry out health behaviors that reduce the risks of falls. It is a community-based workshop offered once a week for seven weeks using adult education and self-efficacy principles.
What is chair based exercise?
Chair based exercise has specific benefits as a training method – it stabilises the lower spine by providing a fixed base (particularly important in those with kyphosis or lordosis of the spine); it facilitates greater range of movement by providing points of leverage and support; it minimises load-bearing and reduces …
How can seniors improve balance?
Simple balance exercises
- Stand with your feet hip-distance apart.
- Lift your arms and extend them out to the sides.
- Lift your left foot off the floor and bend your knee to bring your heel toward your bottom.
- Hold this position for up to 30 seconds.
- Then do the opposite side.
- Do each side 3 times.
How do you do tai chi exercise?
It involves a series of movements performed in a slow, focused manner and accompanied by deep breathing. Tai chi, also called tai chi chuan, is a noncompetitive, self-paced system of gentle physical exercise and stretching. Each posture flows into the next without pause, ensuring that your body is in constant motion.
Is tai chi good exercise for seniors?
Tai Chi is a slow and gentle exercise that is suitable for older adults, even if they are managing chronic conditions. It offers the benefits of flexibility, muscle strengthening, and endurance training. Tai Chi can improve the health of seniors without worsening existing impairments.
What are the disadvantages of tai chi?
|Advantages of Tai-chi||Disadvantages of Tai-chi|
|(1) Improving physical well-being, flexibility and movement regulation||(1) Tiredness|
|Tai-Chi was good for my bones and ligaments||Classes were long and felt out of energy|
|Tai-Chi made me more flexible||(2) Bodily discomfort|
What is the best time of day to do tai chi?
Even today in all parts of the world, most practitioners of Tai Chi choose to practice in the morning shortly after waking up. Practicing in the morning is an excellent way to prepare your mind and body for the day ahead, and it’s also a relaxing way to set a calm tone for your day.
Which is better for seniors yoga or tai chi?
But the main difference between yoga and tai chi is that the latter exercise is based in movement and doesn’t involve holding static poses. So, many people find that tai chi is better than yoga for seniors who can’t stay in one position for very long.
How many times a week should you do tai chi?
For a beginner, 20-30 minutes a day should help you learn postures, principles, and to develop muscle memory over time. If you can’t practice every day, at least 2-3 times a week will suffice, although muscle memory will take longer to develop.