Monoplane occlusion involves having non-anatomic denture teeth with a 0˚ incisal guidance angle, arranged on a flat occlusal plane. As a consequence, when patients with monoplane occlusion occlude anteriorly, an interocclusal gap appears posteriorly.
Is monoplane occlusion balanced?
Monoplane posterior teeth are generally used in bruxers, and patients with arch discrepancies, poor neuromuscular control and with poor residual ridges. This program describes the arrangement of monoplane posterior teeth to achieve bilateral balanced occlusion.
What does balanced occlusion mean?
Balanced Occlusion is defined as the bilateral, simultaneous, anterior, and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric positions. Balanced occlusion in complete dentures is unique, as it does not occur with natural teeth.
What is Lingualized occlusion in complete denture?
Lingualized occlusion is a compromise between using anatomic and nonanatomic posterior tooth forms. In a nonbalanced set‐up, the dentures may still tip in contact positions other than centric occlusion due to the lack of balancing contacts.
What is Neurocentric occlusion?
Neurocentric occlusion [11,14,15] That concept has been established by DE VAN in 1954. It is characterized by posterior teeth presenting flat planes in all directions with no medial or lateral inclination.
What is a monoplane?
Definition of monoplane
: an airplane with only one main supporting surface.
What is Christensen phenomenon?
Quick Reference. [C. Christensen, Danish dentist and educator] A gap occurring in the natural dentition or between the opposing posterior flat occlusal rims when the mandible is protruded (posterior open bite). It can lead to instability in full dentures unless compensating curves are incorporated into the dentures.
What is the importance of balanced occlusion?
This study suggests that occlusal balance and re- moval of occlusally induced denture movements is as important to efflcient complete denture control as fitting accuracy to underlying tissues, peripheral extension, or accurate recording of centric relation.
How do you balance occlusion?
Youtube quote: So set your condyle. At 30 and tighten it down that's our Condor determinant. The second thing is we should have a 15 degree Bennett angle and if we look straight down on the articulator.
What is non balanced occlusion?
Bilateral balanced occlusion is observed when simultaneous contacts achieved in both centric and eccentric positions. Non-balanced occlusion is seen when teeth do not occlude in simultaneous contacts.
What is Pound’s triangle?
Figures 5a, 5b: Pound’s triangle (5a) is created by drawing two lines from the mesial aspect of the canine to both sides of the retromolar pad. This positions the lingual aspects of the mandibular teeth within the triangle.
What is Hanau’s quint?
[R. L. Hanau, contemporary American dentist] The five determinants or variables that affect occlusal contacts. They are the orientation of the occlusal plane, the mandibular condylar guidance, the incisal guidance, the cuspal angle, and the compensating curve. From: Hanau’s quint in A Dictionary of Dentistry »
What is incisal guidance?
Incisal guidance is the path on the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth along which the mandibular anterior teeth glide, in neutro- or distoocclusion.
What is the incisal guidance on the articulator?
Incisal guidance is the influence on mandibular movements provided by the contacting surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. The steepness of the incisal guidance is influenced by the horizontal and vertical overlap of the anterior teeth.
What is a custom incisal guide table?
kh e custom anterior guide table is used to ( 1) record and/or re-establish a physio- logically acceptable anterior guidance, (2) produce an occlusal restoration in har- mony with the patient’s physiologic occlusion, (3) aid the dental laboratory tech- nician in developing occlusion, and (4) decrease the dentist’s time …
What is Bennett angle?
Bennett angle is the angle formed between the sagittal plane and the average path of the advancing condyle as viewed in the horizontal plane during lateral mandibular movements.
What is a Bennett shift?
The Bennett movement is part of this group of movements (2–3). It is a complex lateral movement or lateral shift of the mandible resulting from the movements of the condyles along the lateral inclines of the mandibular fossae during lateral jaw movement.
Why is curve of Spee important?
This normal occlusal curvature is required for an efficient masticatory system. Exaggerated curve of Spee is frequently observed in dental malocclusions with deep overbites.  Such excessive curve of Spee alters the muscle imbalance, ultimately leading to improper functional occlusion.