What does fire support do?
Fire support is defined by the United States Department of Defense as “Fires that directly support land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations forces to engage enemy forces, combat formations, and facilities in pursuit of tactical and operational objectives.” Typically, fire support is provided by artillery or …
What are the three types of fire support?
A commander will decide what effect fire support must have on a particular target. There are three types of fire: destruction, neutralization, and suppression.
What is a fire direction officer?
(1) Fire direction officer.
The FDO is responsible for all FDC operations. He is responsible for the training of all FDC personnel, supervises the operation of the FDC, establishes standing operating procedure (SOP), checks target location, announces fire order, and ensures accuracy of firing data sent to the guns.
What is FSO army?
The FSO is the adviser to the maneuver commander and is in charge of putting all forms of indirect fire support into battle plans. They are responsible for coordinating indirect fire systems such as Paladins, mortars, High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS), as well as attack aviation and close air support.
What are the two aspects of fire support?
The first aspect concerns the general security the fire support system must provide the force as a whole. Protecting the force is a prime consideration in the basic task of supporting forces in contact. The second aspect involves sustaining the survivability of the fire support system.
What is a fire support specialist?
The Fire Support Specialist, which is military occupational specialty (MOS) 13F, is primarily responsible for leading, supervising or serving in intelligence activities such as target processing for artillery units and brigade maneuvers.
How does fire support work legion?
To use the fire support keyword, a unit must have a faceup order token. After using the fire support keyword, a unit must flip that order token facedown. That unit is considered to have activated and cannot be activated during that round.
What is a fire support coordination line?
Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL)
The FSCL is an FSCM that delineates the coordination requirements for the attack of surface targets. It is established by the appropriate land or amphibious commander within his boundaries in consultation with superior, subordinate, supporting, and affected commanders.
What is danger close for mortars?
Danger-close information is included when applicable. FA and mortars—Danger-close target is within 600 meters of friendly troops. Naval gunfire-Danger—close target is within 750 meters when using 5-inch or smaller guns (1,000 meters for larger naval guns).
What does FiST mean in military?
They are officially called Joint Fire Support Specialists in the U.S. Army and Fire Support Marines in the U.S. Marine Corps. They are colloquially known as FiSTers, regardless of whether they are members of a FiST (Fire Support Team).
Where do 13F MOS get stationed?
AIT for Army Joint Fire Support Specialists (MOS 13F) takes place at Fort Sill in Oklahoma and lasts for six weeks.
What is a joint fires observer?
joint fires observer. A trained Service member who can request, adjust, and control surface-to-surface fires, provide targeting information in support of Type 2 and 3 close air support terminal attack control, and perform autonomous terminal guidance operations. Also called JFO.
Who can go to JTAC school?
They must be a Noncommissioned Officer or above, and must have a combat arms Military Occupational Specialty with one year of operational experience. Must complete JTAC primer course via MarineNet (distance online training). Must attend and graduate from either EWTGPAC or EWTGLANT TACP School.
How long is JFO school?
The Fort Sill course is two weeks long and ends with a final capstone project at Monti Hall. By the end, these Soldiers have the basics to help assist any unit they are sent to. However, Todd emphasized the importance of keeping JFOs trained and proficient in their skill.
What is a forward observation officer?
FOO – a Forward Observation Officer; a (now probably obselete) British Army acronym for the man dug in, right at the front line, observing where things friendly and not so friendly are located, and directing artillery fire, by telephone (or later, radio).
Who directs artillery fire?
A military artillery observer, spotter or FO (forward observer) is responsible for directing artillery and mortar fire onto a target and may be a Forward Air Controller (FAC) for close air support and spotter for naval gunfire support.
Are forward observers Special Forces?
They are also assigned to Special Forces and Special Operations Units as terminal controllers and Fire Support Non Commissioned Officers.