The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a way for autistic people to communicate without relying on speech. To communicate, people use cards with pictures, symbols, words or photographs to make requests or comments and answer questions.
Is PECS good for autism?
A systematic review of the research in 2008 by Tien found that PECS is effective in enhancing functional communication skills of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. That means that PECS allowed these children a means to communicate with others that they did not have before starting PECS.
What is the purpose of PECS?
The primary goal of PECS is to teach functional communication. Research has shown that some learners using PECS also develop speech. Others may transition to a speech generating device (SGD).
What are the examples of PECS?
The definition of pecs are the pectoral or chest muscles. An example of pecs are the large chest muscles on a body builder.
What are the 6 stages of PECS?
PECs – The six steps and how to make it fun
- Step 1: Learning How to Communicate. This begins with the student seeing the the desired object. …
- Step 2: Adding Distance and Persistence. …
- Step 3: Picture Discrimination. …
- Step 4: Sentence Structure. …
- Step 6: Commenting.
Do PECS hinder speech?
Apparently there is no evidence to suggest that PECS hinders speech production but might actually aid in increased speech production (Schwartz et al. 1998).
Does PECS lead to speech?
PECS has been successful with individuals of all ages demonstrating a variety of communicative, cognitive and physical difficulties. Some learners using PECS will also develop speech.
What are the first stages of PECS?
The PECS approach occurs in 6 phases.
- Phase 1 – Teaches the user ‘How to communicate’
- Phase 2 – Teaches ‘Distance and persistence’
- Phase 3 – Teaches ‘Picture Discrimination’ (although some users develop in Phases 1 & 2)
- Phase 4 – Teaches the user to build a ‘Sentence structure’
Who is PECS appropriate for?
PECS is a program to assist children to develop a communication system that allows them to meet various needs. Suitable candidates for the program include children who do not speak, who are unintelligible, or who are minimally effective communicators with their present communication system.
What are the disadvantages of PECS?
Also if it is left behind somewhere the child does not have their words with them to express themselves.” Another disadvantage of PECS is that communication is limited. If a student does not have a specific card for a specific object, they are unable to request that object using the PECS system (Kluth, 2003).
How do I teach my child to get PECS?
How to Use PECS
- Work with a speech-language pathologist (SLP) to teach your child how to use PECS. …
- Give your child several cards with other favorite items on it. …
- When your child appears completely comfortable with PECS, encourage him to begin to form sentences.
Is PECS an evidence based practice?
PECS® is an Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) with over 190 published articles providing evidence of the effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System® (PECS®).
How long does it take to learn PECS?
Generally the training is provided at a two-day workshop. While speech pathologists might be the primary PECS program coordinator for a specific child, it is helpful to have others also attend the two-day trainings since they too will play an important role.
Are PECS intervention?
PECS is a fairly inexpensive, low tech language intervention.
How do you communicate with your PECS?
Quote from the video:
Youtube quote: The first and most important thing you need to have ready is something that your learner wants we call this a reinforcer. Candy it is ideal to have at least three reinforcers before you begin you can
Is PECS considered assistive technology?
Assistive Technology – Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a form of Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC) system that is used as an early intervention method in the developmental process of kids with ASD.
Why you shouldn’t use PECS?
I don’t use PECS® in therapy because ABA – Applied Behavioral Analysis (withholding foods, drinks, personal objects, or activities in order to motivate someone’s behavior) is disrespectful to Autistic children. It causes frustration and meltdowns.
When do you use PECS ABA?
PECS can be extremely helpful in ABA therapy when children are still developing their speech and communication skills. After developing speech skills, children can expand upon these expressive communication skills and learn discrimination (both simple and conditional) and sentence structure skills, for example.