Flower of Datura (Thom-apple) is a very common complete flower. Now we will discuss here about the structure of the flower of Datura. Datura flower is a funnel-shaped flower and can be seen in creamish white, pink or light violet colors.
Is Datura flower complete flower?
Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous, vespertine-flowering plants belonging to the nightshade family Solanaceae.
Is Datura an irregular flower?
When the floral parts of each whorl of a flower are similar in size and shape, the flower is called regular flower, e.g., chna rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinesis), datura (datura metel) when any of the floral parts of any whorl of a flower is dissimilar in size and shape, the flower is called irregular flower, e.g., pea ( …
What is a datura flower?
Definition of datura
: any of a genus (Datura) of widely distributed strong-scented herbs, shrubs, or trees of the nightshade family including some used as sources of medicinal alkaloids (such as stramonium) or in folk rites or illicitly for their poisonous, narcotic, or hallucinogenic properties — compare jimsonweed.
What is the shape of datura flower?
Datura species are herbaceous sprawling annuals or short-lived perennials, characterized by large trumpet-shaped flowers. The fragrant flowers can be white, yellow, pink, or purple and produce a spiny capsule fruit with numerous seeds. The leaves are simple and alternately arranged, with lobed, wavy, or entire margins.
What are the complete flowers?
A complete flower is a plant biology term that is used to describe a flower that is built with four parts which include the sepals, petals, pistils and stamens. If any of these four parts, which are integral in forming a flower, is missing, a flower is called an incomplete flower.
Why is Datura offered to Lord Shiva?
Therefore, Datura is offered to Lord Shiva to get rid of the poison of envy, ego, rivalry, foul language and wicked nature so that one is fully cleansed of all his sins and becomes pure.
Is Datura male or female?
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is Datura. Bisexual or complete flowers have both male (androecium) and female (gynoecium) reproductive structures, including stamens and ovaries.
Does Datura grow in India?
In most parts of India it grows as a wasteland weed (Oudhia and Tripathi 2000a,b) but is cultivated for its alkaloids in some parts of India and in Europe (Chandra and Pandey 1989). Other species of Datura reported in India include Datura innoxia Mill.
Can we grow Datura at home?
Datura seeds are sown indoors in individual pots 2 to 3 months before planting them outdoors. Any type of potting soil or seed starting medium will do, but using a soilless mix will help prevent fungal diseases like damping off.
Where do Datura flowers grow?
Datura growing wild in Southern California. The greatest diversity of species occurs in Central America and Mexico, suggesting this as the origin of the genus, but there is ample evidence that these plants were used culturally both in the New World and in Asia as sacred plants for many millennia (at least 3,000 years).
Which Corolla is found in Datura?
In Datura flower corolla may be creamish white, pink or violet in color. This corolla is composed of five petals, which join along their edges to form a funnel shaped structure. (v) Androecium: Androecium is the third inner whorl of a complete flower. It is composed of five stamens.
How many stamens are in Datura?
Androecium – Stamens 5, free from one another, epipetalous, alternate the petals and are inserted inside the middle of the corolla tube. Anthers are basifixed, dithecous with long filament, introrse, and longitudinally dehiscent.
What do we call Datura in English?
datura in British English
(dəˈtjʊərə ) noun. any of various chiefly Indian solanaceous plants of the genus Datura, such as the moonflower and thorn apple, having large trumpet-shaped flowers, prickly pods, and narcotic properties.