The organum is highly melismatic; can be for 2, 3, or 4 voices; chant is always in the lowest voice called the Tenor. Long held notes in the Tenor except for places where a melisma appears in the chant (see Clausula below).
Is organum a chant?
Organum is a musical style based on plainchant. While one voice sings the primary chant melody, at least one other voice sings along to enhance the harmony. This style is important to musicians, particularly music theorists, because it served as the basis for the development of true counterpoint.
How does organum chant differ from earlier forms?
Organum developed from the practice of adding voices above a plain chant (cantus firmus); these added voices at first ran parallel to the plain chant at an interval of a fourth or fifth. Later they began to move about more freely.
What do chant and organum have in common?
What does chant and organum have in common? A body of music to which the medieval Roman Catholic liturgy was sung, consisting of monophonic, single-line melodies sung without instrumental accomplishment.
How is chant used in organum?
900; “Musical Handbook”), organum consisted of two melodic lines moving simultaneously note against note. Sometimes a second, or organal, voice doubled the chant, or principal voice, a fourth or a fifth below (as G or F below c, etc.). In other instances, the two voices started in unison, then moved to wider intervals.
What is the difference between mass and motet?
Motet A motet is a polyphonic work with four or five voice parts singing one religious text. They are similar to madrigals, but with an important difference: motets are religious works, while madrigals are usually love songs. Mass A musical mass is like a motet, only longer.
What organum means?
Definition of organum
1 : early polyphony of the late Middle Ages that consists of one or more voice parts accompanying the cantus firmus often in parallel motion at a fourth, fifth, or octave above or below also : a composition in this style. 2 : organon.
What is the difference between chant organum and motet?
The motet probably arose from the addition of text to the long melismatic passages of organum. The motet took a definite rhythm from the words of the verse, and as such appeared as a brief rhythmic interlude in the middle of the longer, more chantlike organum.
Is organum a type of polyphony?
Two main types of polyphony were organum and the motet.
What is the difference between Ars Antiqua and Ars Nova?
We use this moment as the line to divide two eras of music; everything before we call Ars Antiqua, which means old art, and everything after we call Ars Nova, or new art.
What was Josquin Dez famous for?
Josquin is widely considered by music scholars to be the first master of the high Renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music that was emerging during his lifetime.
Who wrote Ars Nova?
Guillaume de Machaut (ca. 1300–1377) was the leading poet and composer of the French Ars Nova.
What was the Ars Nova movement?
Ars Nova, (Medieval Latin: “New Art”), in music history, period of the tremendous flowering of music in the 14th century, particularly in France.
What is the Renaissance motet?
Motet: In the Renaissance, this is a sacred polyphonic choral setting with a Latin text, sometimes in imitative counterpoint.
Why did the church frown on instruments?
The church frowned on instruments because of their earlier role in pagan rites. In addition, the clergy sometimes felt that instruments distracted the worshippers.