How To Write A Fugue
- The exposition begins the fugue and a single voice plays the subject establishing the tonic key. …
- The middle section consists of entries of subject and answer in keys other than the tonic separated by episodes. …
- The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key.
How is a fugue written?
A fugue begins with the exposition of its subject in one of the voices alone in the tonic key. After the statement of the subject, a second voice enters and states the subject with the subject transposed to another key (usually the dominant or subdominant), which is known as the answer.
What is a episode in fugue?
An episode is any passage that does not include the whole subject. Episodes use motives and fragments from first part of fugue, often in sequences. In the middle section of the fugue, entries and episodes may alternate, a pairing of subject matter and motive development passages.
How do you write a good fugue topic?
Quote from the video:
Youtube quote: Line out of those and sort of make that your subject. And again a lot of Bach some of the most brilliant Bach feuds Bach and fugues have very simple subjects.
What is a fugue example?
Quote from the video:
Youtube quote: In two different keys we usually refer to these melodic lines based on the general pitch range in which they appear. Using vocal registers to name them in our example Bach's little fugue in G minor.
What are the three main elements of a fugue?
A fugue usually has three sections: an exposition, a development, and finally, a recapitulation that contains the return of the subject in the fugue’s tonic key, though not all fugues have a recapitulation.
How do you write fugues like Bach?
The general “rules” for writing a fugue in Bach’s style are these:
- Start the first voice on the subject, a musical phrase that usually around four measures long.
- After the first voice plays the subject, the second voice comes in on the subject, but transposed a P5 higher (or a P4) lower.
How many melodies are in a fugue?
Most fugues are in three or four voices (“à 3” or “à 4”), but not all of these are used at any given moment; it is common for an episode to proceed in as few as two voices.
What is a statement in a fugue?
A fugue is a contrapuntal composition whose form features sections called expositions and episodes. A fugue exposition is a section that contains at least one full statement of the subject of the fugue. 1. The fugue subject is the primary melodic idea and is stated by each voice in turn in the first exposition.
What is the original line of a fugue called?
In the initial section of a fugue, called the exposition, this subject is presented in turn in each of the voices, with the first voice starting by itself, much the way a round is sung—this is the telltale sign of a fugue.
Is Row Row Row Your Boat a fugue?
(Folk music includes many examples of repeating canon, called round: “Frère Jacques” and “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” are familiar examples.) Fugue can be thought of as a later stage in the evolution of canon.
What is a fugue in poetry?
Simply, a fugue is a piece of music that uses interwoven melodies based on a single musical idea.
How do you use fugue in a sentence?
Fugue in a Sentence 🔉
- Composing the fugue was easy for the singer once he had the melody down.
- Playing the fugue for his family and friends, the musician was proud of this complex piece of composition.
- Out of all of the musical themed fugues, their voices sounded the best on the first trio.
What is the difference between a canon and a fugue?
Well, in a fugue, an entire musical theme is stated (or mostly stated) before the next one starts in. In a canon, the first one just gets going when the next one starts.
What period is fugue?
The fugue became an important form or texture in the Baroque period, reaching its height in the work of J.S. Bach in the first half of the 18th century.