The key rule is that, most of the time, you should drop the “e” from the end of a word when adding a suffix that begins with a vowel (e.g., “-ing,” “-ed” or “-able”).
Do you drop an e Before able?
We usually drop the ‘e’ at the end of words when adding an ending that begins with a vowel – a vowel suffix: -ing, -ed, -er, -able, -ous, -ible, ious, etc.
Why do you drop the e when adding able?
Dropping silent E with vowel suffixes. When a vowel suffix is attached to a word with a silent E, it often (though not always) results in E being omitted—the vowel of the suffix is able to take over the duties of E so that the pronunciation of the root word does not change.
What is the rule for adding able?
When the base word is a complete and recognizable word, you will usually use -able. When the base word ends in -e, you should remove then -e, then add -able. Leave the -e when the word ends in -ce or -ge. If you must double the final consonant of the base word or change the final -y to i, add -able.
What is the E drop rule?
CONCEPT When a base word ends in silent-e, drop the e before adding a vowel suffix. This is the Dropping Rule. Learning the Dropping Rule helps students spell words that cannot be spelled exactly as they sound.
What is the E rule?
A simple explanation of the Magic e rule is “An ‘e’ close behind another vowel (with no more than one letter in between) usually makes the first vowel say its name, and the ‘e’ is usually silent.” Using a story to teach this rule is often helpful.
What is a 111 word?
The 1-1-1 Rule
Here’s what it says: Words of one syllable (1) ending in a single consonant (1) immediately preceded by a single vowel (1) double the consonant before a suffixal vowel (-ing, -ed) but not before a suffixal consonant (-tion).
Do you always drop the E and add ing?
Spelling Rules. When adding ing to words that end with a single e, DROP the e. When adding ing to words that end with a double e, DON’T drop the e.
Why is e added to the end of words?
The ‘i’ in ‘wine’ is a long vowel sound and the ‘i’ in ‘win’ is a short vowel sound. So, one of the things the silent ‘e’ at the end of a word does is indicate long vowel sounds for preceding vowels. The silent ‘e’ also indicates when to us softer sounding consonants in some words.
What happens to words ending in E when ING is added?
Year 3/4 – adding the suffix ‘ing’ Adding ‘ing’ rules: When a verb ends in “e”, drop the “e” and add “-ing”. For example: take + ing = taking. When a one-syllable verb ends in vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add “-ing”.
What is the rule for dropping the silent e when adding a suffix?
If the base word ends in a silent e, drop the e before adding the suffix (the silent e rule). For example, when the vowel suffix -ing is added to the word make, the silent e is dropped and the word becomes making (make + ing = making).
What are the 4 rules when adding a suffix?
Suffix Spelling Rules: 6 Keys for Adding Suffixes Correctly
- Rule 1: Double the Consonant. …
- Rule 2: Drop the Silent E. …
- Rule 3: Keep the Final E. …
- Rule 4: Keep the Y. …
- Rule 5: Change the Y to an I. …
- Rule 6: Change IE to Y. …
- Expand Your Vocabulary.
What is the rule for adding suffixes?
RULE: Adding a consonant suffix does not change the spelling of a word. RULE: If a word ends in -y preceded by a consonant, change the y to -i, then add the suffix. (Also remember that the y is kept then adding -ing.) RULE: If a word ends in y preceded by a vowel, then the y is kept when a suffix is added.